Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Music through decades free essay sample
It is an art that you can either sing or play an instrument. Nowadays music has become a part of our everyday life which may affects as even before we are born. Music has a different meaning for each one of us. For some it is a way of expressing themselves and for others is a way of living. According to Plato Ã¢â¬Å"Music is a moral law. It gives soul to the universe, wings to the mind, flight to the imagination, and charm and gaiety to life and to everything. Ã¢â¬ which shows that its importance is extensive. The first historical samples of music use as an art come from Homeric epics. In Ancient Greece music was one of the main subjects that were taught in schools and teachers gave priority to it. Also at Middle Ages in Europe posses a major role in education based on the Ancient Greek pattern. Music education, based on theoritical knowledge, was transfered through monesteries and churches. Music education, based on theoretical knowledge, was transferred through monasteries and churches. During the 1 7th and 18th century music knowledge became a characteristic of only well-educated people. Russo claimed that music was a way of communicating with each other. The movements that have passed throughout the years have influenced music in many ways. Generally it has en observed that music changes a lot as the decades go by and different types are created while other ones go out of style. All about Jazz Jazz is a good barometer of freedom Thats what Duke Elongating said in a filmed interview for a documentary, but jazz is much more. It is the story of two world wars and a devastating depression, the sound track that helped Americans get through the worst of times. Jazz is about sex, the way men and women talk to each other and conduct the complicated rituals of courtship, a sophisticated and elegant mating call that has all but disappeared from popular music in recent times. It is about drugs and the terrible cost of addiction and the high price of creativity. It is about the growth and explosion of radio and the soul of great American cities. It is about immigration and feeling dispossessed. The most famous jazz musicians were: Louis Armstrong Dizzy Gillespie Billie Holiday Charlie parker Duke Elongating Miles Davis Art Datum Benny Goodman The Jazz Age was in the sass, but jazz actually began earlier than that. Jazz grew out of the multicultural musical atmosphere of New Orleans in the 19th century.The population of New Orleans was made up of former slaves, effuses from Hispanic and a wide range of Europeans. Jazz started as the convergence of the rhythm-centric music of Africa and the Caribbean; the highly melodic and multilayered harmonies of Negro Spirituals; European classical music; and the local, original American musical styles of brass band, Creole music and ragtime. Each musical style began to borrow from and share with the others until a new musical form jazz was created. The earliest years of jazz are not well documented: unfortunately, there dont seem to be any recordings of the music played when jazz began.Buddy Bolder, born in 1 877, is widely considered to be the first recognized jazz musician. The earliest jazz bands are reported to have been around in 1 885, and Buddy Bolder started his jazz band in 1895. By 1900, Bolder, who played the cornet, was regarded as the most popular musician in New Orleans. Sadly, though he had a huge impact on jazz, he ended his life in a mental institution [source: All Music]. Some of the more well-known early jazz greats include Duke Elongating, Louis Armstrong, Charlie Bird Parker, John Chlorate and Miles Davis. Jazz became increasingly popular in the sass, when people adhered in speakeasies to dance and enjoy alcohol, which was banned at the time. People loved jazz for its free-spirited nature, and it remained hugely popular through the ass. Of course, jazz is still widely enjoyed today and has influenced just about every other form of music. 1 940: While the big bands struggled to keep going during World War II, a revolution in jazz music was occurring. Starting in the mid-1 sass, 52nd Street in New York City became Swing Street where small combo jazz was featured.By the sass these groups, spearheaded by musicians like Art Datum, Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Theologies Monk and Coleman Hawkins, were exploring the harmonic frontiers of popular song. This new type of jazz came to be known as bebop. Whereas in the sass and 1 sass jazz and popular music crossed paths, bebop and the jazz styles built upon it appealed to a specialized audience, and the music rarely ventured back into the popular music realm. As jazz advanced harmonically, many musicians looked back to tunes from the sass, especially Broadway show tunes, which were generally more sophisticated than Tin Pan Alley tunes.Following the mid-sass recording an, a number of independent record labels specializing in jazz began business, and the artists they hired were generally given freedom to record material of their choosing. Some swing era musicians, for example alto saxophonist Louis Jordan, found that there was a growing market for jump music, which came to be known as rhythm and blues and became part of the roots of the music which would rise to popularity in the sass 1950: A tune title from 1 949 accurately describes jazz at the beginning of the sass- Bebop Spoken Here. Great musicians who stretched the limits of t he sic in the sassalto saxophonist Charlie Parker, trumpeters Dizzy Gillespie and Miles Davis, pianists Bud Powell and Theologies Monk and otherscontinued to be at the forefront. Younger musicians, such as trumpeter Clifford Brown, alto saxophonists Sonny Stilt and Cannonball Derailed, bassist Charlie Mining and drummer Art Blakely, built on the foundation laid down by the bebop innovators, creating what is now known as hard bop. Another extension of bebop was a lighter, cooler style introduced partly by Miles Davis Birth of the Cool session in 1949. This music came known either as Cool or West Cocas? style jazz, and its practitioners were players like trumpeter Chest Baker, tenor saxophonist Stan Get, alto saxophonist Paul Despond, and baritone saxophonist Gerry Mulligan. Beginning in the mid-fifties tenor saxophonist John Chlorate, whose early career included work with the rhythm n blues band of alto saxophonist Eddie Cleansed Vinson and with Miles Davis, began exploring a more avian- garden style Of jazz. Alto saxophonist Ornate Coleman and corniest Don Cherry took this stylistic exploration even further.In 1954 jazz musician and reducer George Weenie founded the Newport Jazz Festival, the template for what has since become a popular way of presenting a number of jazz artists in an informal (oftentimes outdoor) setting over a number of days. 1960: The first few years of the 1 9605 were very much like the sass, when jazz still garnered a segment of the popular audience. But with the rise in popularity of the Beetles and televis ion becoming the dominant form of entertainment, jazz clubs began to close, putting musicians out-of-work.But some musicians continued on, striving to extend the boundaries of jazz into new areas. In 1961 tenor saxophonist]on Chlorate formed a revolutionary quartet, utilizing many aspects of jazzs rhythms and harmonies into his approach, culminating in the recording of a milestone work in 1 964, A Love Supreme, an album that ensured his position as an important saxophonist and one of the most influential jazzmen of the decade. As jazz struggled to continue through hard times, some jazz musicians looked to the rhythms of rock n roll and striver to add elements of that music to jazz, creating fusion jazz. The culmination of this movement was the landmark recording by trumpeter Miles Davis entitled Bitched Brew which became a popular seller and catapulted Davis into almost pop star status. Although there had been Latin American rhythms in jazz beginning in the sass, especially those associated with dances such as the rumba, meringue and the tango, in 1960 a Brazilian guitarist and composer, Antonio Carols , began to receive recognition for his music, a combination of jazz and th e Brazilian rhythm known as samba.American tenor saxophonist Stan Gets collaboration with Carols and vocalist Joy Gilberts scored a hit with Jojobas tune The Girl from Panama. This type of jazz-plus-samba became known as the boost nova and has since become part of the flavor of jazz. 1970-2000: Although jazz music moved in various directions, there continued to be musicians working within the framework of earlier styles, such as traditional/ classic (often referred to as Dixieland), big band swing, and bebop. For example, the bands of Duke Elongating and Count Basis were still active and continued to perform even after those two giants died (in 1 974 and 1984 respectively). The big bands of swing-era leaders Woody Herman and Stan Kenton were filled with younger musicians who contributed arrangements of sic from post-swing era composers like Theologies Monk and John Chlorate. A big band led by trumpeter That Jones and drummer Mel Lewis found favor with the jazz world for purveying a neo-swing approach that included elements of bop and cool.Trumpeter Don Ellis big band explored the complex rhythms of Eastern Europe and Asia. Drummer Art Blakely , whose career began in the late swing era and blossomed with bop, began his band the Jazz Messengers in the sass, continuing until his death in 1990. In between he remained firmly rooted in the hard bop style, yet his band was school for many up-and-coming musicians, including trumpeter Wanton Marshals. Free jazz players who had made a mark in the 1 sass, such as Ornate Coleman , Sun Ra and the Art Ensemble of Chicago, continued to explore jazz from a perspective that included influences from world music. On the other hand, crossover/fusion artists such as guitarist George Benson and, for a time, pianist Herein Hancock, went at the music from more of a pop perspective. This style eventually led to the music now referred to as smooth jazz, a simple, easy-listening form of jazz. The 1 sass ushered in a period of academic interest in jazz music history and performance. Two important educational centers, the Berkeley College of Music and North Texas State University, offered undergraduate and graduate degree programs. Since that time many other universities have added jazz studies to their curriculum.In addition, there was a renewed interest in big-band jazz (often referred to as lab or stage bands), beginning at the high school level, and big bands led by Stan Kenton, Woody Herman, Maynard Ferguson and others performed and led workshops for college and high schools students. From the beginning of his career in the early 1 9805, Wanton Marshals has balanced a career in both classical musi c and jazz. His early jazz playing showed influences of bop and hard bop players, but in the early sass he began a serious study of earlier styles and especially trumpeter Louis Armstrong, of whom he has been a tireless advocate.In some ways he has become the unofficial spokesman for the music, not only as a performer but also as an educator and as the Artistic Director of Jazz at New Works Lincoln Center. He was heavily involved in the important PBS documentary by Ken Burns, Jazz. Pop The definition of pop music cannot easily be given since it is a type of music that constantly changes but still is favorable by the public. It has been noticed hat the last fifty years the most successful musical styles based on the pop charts have continually changed.Since mid-sasss pop has been identified as the most accessible to the audience, music type with the most copies sold and the most played on the radio. Pop music at the ass, the decade from where we start our project, has many famous singers and ban ds. One of them is Peter None who gained international fame was the singer of Herdsmans Hermits band. Famous tracks were: Im into something good which topped the charts and sold more than 50 million records. He also released an album as a solo artist named One of the glory boys. He also appeared in television and some stage productions.Davys Jones who appeared in television and stage productions as well, became the lead singer of The Monkeys, a band created for an American series. The band released six albums that also produced high charts. In 1 964, the eighth child of the Jackson family, Michael Jackson, started his professional career along with his brothers in a band they named The Jackson 5. Of course this little band was not famous at all but this decade was the one the king of pop (as he was, and still is, called by everyone) started his big career. The sass was a decade when pop changed from Glam Rock to punk.But the biggest pop star from that period was a singer and both pianist, Elton John, whose popularity has remained. But asss music was also closely related to the American music which was played that decade, disco. Disco became popular that decade because of the extremely famous movie Saturday Night Fever, which soundtrack went on becoming one of the most selling albums of all times. It also won many awards from the Rolling Stones magazine. Pop music, especially in the United States in the ass, took various forms that dominated he charts. It was also characterized as shallow as a reaction against the high energy pop had taken the previous decade. Some of the most important singers and songwriters were Carols King and Carry Simon who first topped the charts. Despite the fact that disco became very famous, its popularity quickly disappeared. Disco songs stopped playing in the radio and very soon Disco clubs gained a very bad reputation. Meanwhile in New York City it was a period when hip hop, punk rock and salsa were invented and it was also the center where electronic music, techno and disco were created.The artist we mentioned before, Michael Jackson, began his solo career in the beginning of the decade (1 971 There are also some female soloists in this decade that are worth being mentioned, such as Cheer, Iodine Warwick, Barbara Stranded, Rata Coolidge and Helen Reedy who stigmatize these pop music ages. Music of the sasss delimited the way new music was made either by the bands or by the artists and it still affects the way music is made today. Many ass artists still remain popular today and others might have been famous then but are not widely known anymore.Music Television (MAT), premiering in 1 981, was en of the biggest influences in music industry and it is also said that many bands and artists became popular after their song appearance on the MAT. But generally this decade was proved to be a not dynamic pop period and since styles came and went. Only wham and later George Michael as a solo singer became true pop stars. Except from the new pop artists who tried to become popular this decade, other ones made important steps for their careers. Michael Jackson for example, in the early ass became a dominant figure of pop music with songs like Beat it, Billie Jean and Thriller.His music videos helped MAT gain all its fame. Pop music should also be consider important in this decade, despite the fact that it isnt, because Michael Jacksons Thriller album in 1 982 is the best-selling album of all time. Madonna, the Queen of Pop, also had some songs stigmatize the ass, like Everybody/ which was released in 1982 and became a famous dance hit. She also played in some films, singing and dancing. Generally the ass was a decade in which many artists we admire even today made some very important steps by singing songs that never Came out of style and that each generation likes to listen to.The music era of the sass was filled with a rarity of music styles. The basic ones were rap, pop and alternative music artists. It was a decade were every band and artist attempted to do something new and different in order to individualize from the others and become more popular and not forgotten in the future. Of course this brought as a result, new genres become famous like techno, hip-hop and groups like Technocratic with hits like Pump up the Jam and Get Up(Before The Night Is Over). Similar as the Technocratic, hip-hop gained popularity with artists like MAC Hammer, Tone Loc and Vanilla Ice.The difference these artists made as the message they passed through their songs lyrics like praying for a better society or even songs with sexual lyrics. There were also songs like the Nirvanas teenage spirit which spoke about the revolution teenagers want to make because they dislike the society and the meaningless world, this song was the beginning of grunge and alternative rock music which was popular through the sass. F-ammos pop artists previously mentioned continued their careers in the ass with some famous singles and albums (Madonnas Ray of life etc. The sass is a decade that there werent new styles created in music, o the music continued to be the same with the earlier decades. Electroni c music popularity was high with genres like trance, house etc. By the end of this decade Hip House was created and successfully grew. To conclude, pop music was commercially popular more than any other music kind. Rock Rock is a music genre who met a big bloom after postwar period, especially after 2nd World War. Youth was living its problems; it wanted to express its feeling and to snub the social establishments.So, it found her own way to express itself,one of the best and the most effective you could look;music. Adopting many elements of Rhythm and Blues and helped by phonographic companies which had discography studios, it created its own delirious, which was against the currents and the disposals of life. It used sounds which they were organizing ideas and feelings and were establishing music sections. Thus, Rock music was born, one of the basic forms of popular culture. Rock music describes the life in cities and in countryside.The first listens of that music was an exhortation/urge in the fabric of change. Every note, every lyrics, was a lifestyle, one step ahead to the new generation. The sound of rock is traditionally centered on the electric guitar. The sound of an electric guitar in rock music is typically supported by an electric bass guitar and percussion produced from a drum kit that combines drums and cymbal. This trio of instruments has often been complemented by the inclusion of others, particularly keyboards such as the piano, Hammond organ and synthesizers. AS-ASS The birth of rock music was at the year 1 954 when a new type of music, called rock and roll appeared and revolutionized musical tastes, at least among young people, and pretty much changed the world. Rock n roll was influenced by Rhythm and Blues, Country and Gospel. Rhythm and Blues developed from the Blues, and Rock and Roll developed from Rhythm and Blues (RB). Little Richard, one of the great innovators in sasss rock music, has often said that Rhythm and Blues had a baby and somebody named it rock and roll. He is right as a number of important R artists were part of the beginning of Rock and Roll. N the first decade, 1950-1960, there were different kinds of rock and roll which each of them was developed simultaneously but regardless of the others and created its own faculty/school . TTS one of them was developed in specific urban centers, giving a new dimension to the music stage. For example, some of the most famous was the rock in New Orleans and the rock in Chicago. This popular character found its own public and made its own world. From the Tupelo of Mississippi in 1 954, a prestigious personality, Elvis Presley began in the studio Sun Records and wrote his own story.The song Thats all right mama was its first song. He was the first whit MN from the American South who sang Rock and Roll. Famous Artists/ Groups: Bill Haley, Elvis Presley, Little Richard, Fats Domino, Chuck Berry, Jerry Lee Lewis, the Overly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Johnny Cash, Ray Charles ass-ass The great bend of rock until that point, we talked only about the origins of rock music and its developments in the motherland which was born, United States. With the rising of the new decade (1961-1970), begins a new chapter in music and songs. West world was under the trial of the Cold Wad.Youth saw her dreams destroying, when racism appeared against the registration Of black in universities in the West Side. These incidents caused a social unrest, where through Folk Rock music, a kind of music which has protest songs and songs opposed to the establishment, was expressed-Some of the most famous artists of folk rock were Bob Dylan and Joan Bake. In Britain, poverty and unemployment infest the youth. The group The Beetles will change the music scene and the cultural life of a genre. With a little bit of Rock n Roll, Rhythm and Blues bad Merely Sound(sound of Liverpool) they came into music.They constitute the base of groups which will come on later. From the English groups are distinguished The Rolling Stones. Their songs was dangerous and anarchy. The summer of 1967, some of the most famous names gathered in the festival Monterey Pop Festival. This event had over 100. 000 people who wanted to listen to live music. With the triumph of technology was appeared, a kind of music which was the corresponding of Blues, Hard Rock that we met in the group Led Zeppelin with transcendent lyrics or in Doors with psychedelic extensions.Also Psychedelic Rock was born which it had a lot of improvisations and an anarchy philosophy-Rock music is characterized by important interpretations, who gathered all together in 1 964 at Woodstock, the biggest music event that rock has ever organized. Over 400. 000 people gathered in a farm, Outside Of New York City for 3 days. From this event was detected the music realism. The rock concerts were based in sound effects, which displays the combination among keys, guitar and soprano vocals. ass-ass The new decade found the music in a period of qualitative case.But from nowhere, appeared a new group, Sex Pistols from Britain. Its music destinations tied congenially with the anger and the dynamic energy of youth. This stage presence and the submission in the dark atmosphere of music called Punk. In U. S. A, things were better. In the atmosphere of the motion they was submitted by the group Black Flag. The new sound revolution was ladled with other names, like New Rock, New Wave and Power Pop. Rock music has a basic element, the subversive worldview, going against the current of contractual acceptable behavior. New Wave music was light emitting. It was the next goal of exploration electric sounds, for example, the group B-52 from US. All the time, new groups were made and destroyed, who was trying with more or less success to cover the need of currents protest. Heavy Metal came in ass in order to cover it and stayed interest focal point until the end of ass. The trademarks of groups were leather jackets, boots and long hair. Famous Artists/ Groups: Led Zeppelin, Yes, Deep Purple, Black Sabbath, T.Rexes, Alice Cooper, David Bowie, James Taylor, Carols King, Kiss, Elton John, Bruce Springiness, Van Helen, Bee Gees, Flatfooted Mac, Chic, Donna Summer, The Ramose, The Sex Pistols, The Clash. ass-ass Inspired by punks outsider status and industrials eclectic instrumentation, keyboard-driven English bands like Depended Mode demonstrated a more introverted songwriting style which is also described as new wave. Meanwhile, American groups like R. E. M. Used postpone elements and wrote introspective lyrics. These bands were dubbed college rock because of their popularity on college radio stations.By the end of the ass, college rock had become such a lucrative alternative to mainstream rock that it received a new name: alternative rock. It was also referred to as Indies rock because the bands were often signed to small, independently-owned labels-Alternative rock strengthened its cultural standing when the music magazine Billboard created a new chart in 1 988 specifically for alternative rock, which the publication classified as modern rock. For most music fans, terms such as modern rock, alternative and Indies are synonymous ways of describing this popular submerge.Famous Artists/ Groups: 02, Prince, Madonna, Michael Jackson, Run DIM, The Beastie Boys, The Sagos, Phil Collins, Human League, Flock of Seagulls, INNS, Journey, Dire Straits, Foreigner, Billy Joel, Guns Roses, and Motley Cruel, Nirvana, Sonic Youth, The Pixies, Pearl Jam, R. E. M. , Blues Traveler, Phips, and Beck sell side by side with the more pop oriented sounds of Whitney Houston, En Vogue, NCSC, TIC, Maria Carrey and Bribery Spears and the rap / hip hop of Public Enemy, NNW Ice Cube, Dry. Deer, Ice-T, Cypress Hill ASS-2000 With the ascension of N irvanas Nevermore in 1 991, alternative rock became he dominant popular music. But while other bands soon sprung up as part of the so-called grunge movement (a merging of hard rock and punk), other groups, like Soundboards, straddled the worlds of alternative and mainstream rock music. So, alternative music started to lose its luster by the middle of the decade, setting the stage for mainstream rocks reemergence. One of the first bands to capitalize on mainstream rocks comeback was Limp Backbit, which melded hard rock and rap into a new hybrid call rap-rock. Groups like Stains and Puddle of Mud followed in Limp Bassists wake, though Hess bands focused on melodic hard rock rather than integrating rap into the mix.As rock music enters the 21st century, the most successful acts possess the same spirit as their ass predecessors, even if they sound quite different. Linking Park fuses hip-hop and metal, while 3 Doors Down emulates hard-rock traditions of the past while providing a contemporary spin. Undoubtedly, rock music will keep evolving in the future, drawing fr om its rich history while continuing to keep its ear open for the next sonic reinvention. We listen to music every day either when we are sad or when we are happy, either alone or with our friends.That happens because it strongly influences our mood and it IS a way of expressing our feelings each day. It can sometimes help you relax after a tiring day and make you happy after a sad event or even make you sadder because it reminds you of past memories or even the present. Every kind of music dictates our happiness. It also stigmatize moments of our lifetime so we combine a memory or a place with a music track which shows the existence of music in every moment. These previous facts generally show the important role music plays in our life but people tend to ignore its interesting history!